resources | Ban The Box

Fair-Chance Hiring Laws Aim to Prevent Discrimination Against Applicants

Ban the Box restrictions and requirements vary from states, counties, and cities that have fair-chance hiring laws in place.
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What are Ban the Box Laws?

“Ban the Box” or fair-chance hiring laws refer to laws that require employers to remove the question on job applications asking whether or not a job applicant has ever been convicted of a crime. On many job applications, this question is answered by checking a box stating “Yes” or “No”.

Fair-chance hiring laws aim to prevent discrimination against applicants who have criminal records. Some fair-chance hiring laws also place other kinds of restrictions and requirements on employers. These restrictions and requirements vary across states, counties, and cities that have implemented fair-chance hiring laws.

Fair-chance hiring laws can pose a challenge to employers in regards to compliance as it can add additional requirements that may differ from federal FCRA requirements.

35 states, the District of Columbia, and over 150 cities and counties have adopted a fair-chance policy.

Currently, many states across the U.S. have fair-chance hiring laws whether on the city, county, state level, or all three. Below is a list that displays Ban the Box laws in each state.

It is important to note that Ban the Box laws, like other laws, can be subject to change at any point in time. The information below is a courtesy resource tool made on March 1, 2021. When looking for fair-chance hiring laws in your area, always check with your city, county, and state to get the latest information.

Alabama

Birmingham

Alaska

None.

Arizona

Coconino County, Pima County, Glendale, Phoenix, Tempe, Tucson

Arkansas

Pulaski County, Pine Bluff

California

Berkeley, Carson, Compton, Oakland, Los Angeles, Richmond, San Francisco

Colorado

Denver

Connecticut

Bridgeport, Hartford, New Haven

Delaware

None.

Florida

Broward County, Miami Dade County, Clearwater, Daytona Beach, Fort Myers, Gainesville, Jacksonville, Orlando, Pompano Beach, Sarasota, St. Petersburg, Tampa, Tallahassee, Tamarac

Georgia

Cherokee County, Fulton County, Macon Bibb County, Albany, Atlanta, Augusta, Columbus

Hawaii

None.

Idaho

None.

Illinois

Chicago

Indiana

None. 

Iowa

None.

Kansas

Johnson County, Wyandotte County, Kansas City, Topeka, Wichita

Kentucky

Louisville

Louisiana

Baton Rouge, New Orleans

Maine

None.

Maryland

Montgomery County, Prince George’s County, Baltimore

Massachusetts

Boston, Cambridge, Worcester

Michigan

Genesee County, Muskegon County, Oakland County, Ann Arbor, Detroit, East Lansing, Grand Rapids, Kalamazoo, Ypsilanti

Minnesota

Minneapolis, St. Paul

Mississippi

Jackson

“Applications for employment with the City of Jackson, Mississippi shall not contain inquiries regarding prior salary history.”

 

Missouri

Jackson County, Columbia, Kansas City, St Louis

Montana

None.

Nebraska

None.

Nevada

North Las Vegas

New Hampshire

None.

New Jersey

None.

New Mexico

None. 

New York

Albany County, Dutchess County, Suffolk County, Tompkins County, Ulster County, Westchester County, Buffalo, Ithaca, Kingston, Newburgh, New York City, Rochester, Syracuse, Woodstock, Yonkers

North Carolina

Buncombe County, Cumberland County, Durham County, Forsyth County, Mecklenburg County, Wake County, Asheville, Carrboro, Charlotte, Durham, New Bern, Spring Lake

North Dakota

None.

Ohio

Cuyahoga County, Franklin County, Hamilton County, Lucas County, Summit County, Akron, Alliance, Canton, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Dayton, Massillon, Newark, Warren, Youngstown

Oklahoma

None.

Oregon

Multnomah County, Portland

Pennsylvania

Allegheny County, Allentown, Bethlehem, Lancaster, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Reading, York City

Rhode Island

Providence

South Carolina

Richland County, York County, Aiken, Columbia, Spartanburg

South Dakota

None.

Tennessee

Hamilton County, Shelby County, Chattanooga, Memphis, Nashville

Texas

Dallas County, Travis County, Austin, San Antonio

Utah

None.

Vermont

None.

Virginia

Arlington County, Fairfax County, Henry County, Montgomery County, Prince William County, Alexandria, Blacksburg, Charlottesville, Danville, Fredericksburg, Harrisonburg, Newport News, Norfolk, Petersburg, Portsmouth, Richmond, Roanoke, Staunton, Virginia Beach

Washington

Pierce County, Spokane County, Seattle, Spokane, Tacoma

West Virginia

State-wide

None.

 

Wisconsin

Dane County, Milwaukee County, Madison, Milwaukee

Wyoming

None.

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